Looking before the eighties, farmers and extension officers as well as scientists associated with agriculture emphasized upon crops’ production, that is, how much production can be obtained per bigha (0.13 ha) of land. At that time, that was not much publicity and expansion of high yielding and hybrid varieties and most of farmers was not aware of it. Farmers were satisfied with cultivation of local varieties. They never thought that crops could be entirely damaged by attacks of insect pests as of now. Of course, it is mention-worthy that infestation of insect pests is less on local varieties, that is, it has restrictive powers against insect pests and diseases. Farmers did not know this also that fertilizers were required in soils to obtain abundant production of crops.The population explosion of development countries like India has influenced agriculture; that means there is need for plenty of production for increased population.
Over and above, increase in population has influenced on agricultural lands. The growth of human habitats, industrial establishments and other organisations has resulted in gradual decrease of agricultural land. That is why, abundant production on a small unit of land has become a necessity.
With the advancement in agricultural science, scientists have been able to generate various technologies for increasing agricultural production and net income of farmers. In the meantime, people engaged in agriculture have become benefitted by employing these technological skills. The high yielding varieties specially hybrid varieties have contributed in crop production. So it is distinct that farmers are attracted towards technological skills generated by science; and by the way they are moving towards improved scientific agricultural practices and thus farmers have taken agricultural science into confidence. A coordination has developed between farmer and agricultural science.
Alongwith generation of technological knowhow, agricultural problems have also increased. It is seen that infestation of insect pests and diseases is more in improved varieties or hybrid varieties. As a result, chemical pesticides are applied in sufficient quantities; along with it application of chemical fertilizers is of utmost importance to get abundant production. So with the objectives of maintaining health of soils and human alongwith animals, chemical fertilizers or pesticides are required to be applied in an integrated and scientific way.
In this direction, farmers are to work giving importance to health of soils, human and animals by not applying chemical materials haphazardly and take suggestions-consultations from agricultultural officers and scientists on these technologies.
Writer -Dr Kameswar Das, PC, KVK Chirang
Our Guest Editor of this month, Dr Kameswar Das is the Head of Chirang KVK, BTC in the capacity of Programme Coordinator. We offer good wishes from our e-magazine to Dr Das, who gives enough mileage to farmers. Over and above editing this magazine, he has been publishing an annual magazine from the K VK, Chirang under his editorship. In a developing place like BTAD, the KVK of Chirang under his able leadership has produced many heroes of success stories. We offer our heartfull thanks to him and his active colleagues of the KVK, Chirang and hope that we will be able to proceed in co-operation further in future in the interest of farmers and farming. Once again, wish you a brighter future. Thanks.
~Promoter & Editor, Krishak Bandhu e-magazine.
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