Homestead Management for Food and Nutritional Security

Dr R.A. Ram,
Principal Scientist, ICAR-Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture,
Rehmankhera, Lucknow-226 101 (U.P.)

Homestead is an operational farm unit in which a number of crops are grown with livestock, poultry/ fish production mainly for the purpose of satisfying the family ’s basic needs.
Synonyms
• Mixed garden
• Home gardening
• Javanese home gardening
• Compound farming
• Mixed or house gardening
• Kitchen gardening
• Household gardening
• Homestead agro-forestry
The goal of sustainable agriculture is to conserve the natural resource base, protect the environment, and enhance the prosperity of a family or household over a period of time.
 Homestead farming is an option to increase productivity and income in a sustainable manner.
 Homestead farming satisfies the requirements of sustainability by being productive, ecologically sound, stable, economically viable, and socially acceptable.
Productivity
 Mix farming
 Mix cropping
 Inter cropping
 Cover cropping
 Relay cropping
(Fruit, vegetables, Flowers, medic8inal crops, meat, egg fish etc.)
Economic Viability
 Reduce purchases
 Home gardens provide a varieties of product
 Homestead farming can utilize family labour efficiently over a calendar year
 Complementary use of the soil to increase the overall productivity of land on a sustained basis.
Social Acceptability
Homestead farming enhances
• Quality of life of family
• Promote food security at low cost.
• Home gardens achieve larger harvests with small work force,
• Less prone to total crop failure than the cultivation of regular field crops,
• Ensures a sustained series of nutritive harvests
• It provides a regular supply of fruit vegetables for self use and sale.
• Proximity to the home ensures greater participation of women in income-generating activities
Future strategies
 Watershed-based development with focus on whole-farm or systems approach.
 Restructuring existing home gardens in every agro-ecological zone and developing sustainable models through farmer participation
 Formation of homestead clusters
 Creating germplasm or biodiversity registers
 Bridging the yield gap
 Post-harvest processing

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