Impact of Organic Farming in Enhancing Productivity in Agriculture & Allied Sectors কৃষিখণ্ডত উৎপাদন বঢ়োৱাৰ ক্ষেত্ৰত জৈৱিক পদ্ধতিৰ প্ৰভাৱ

It is presumed that the organic farming should cover broadly agriculture, horticulture; and fish farming in unorganized sector and in organized sector i.e., Tea Gardens and allied horticultural gardens. Some gardens have adopted organic inputs completely.

Productivity of the organic farming is still not at per with the “inorganic nutrients & pesticides” rather the conventional farming anywhere in national level; let alone in Assam. I have some experiences from the extensive promotional tours for bio products development in Assam (also in West Bengal and Bihar) to present before you.

It is said that Assam is “naturally organic, by default”. The rate of Consumption of fertilizer and Pesticide in Assam including the hill district`s shifting cultivation (jhum) is almost half the rate of national average consumption. But the picture is something different in some parts of Goalpara, Dhubri; Barpeta; Darrang and Nowgaon districts which produce the major portion of crops and Fish produced in Assam. A portion of the people living in this area is professional “cultivators”. Fortunate enough that they produce crops and cater the State’s major needs. But unfortunately, they use fertilizers and pesticides indiscriminately to get bumper production. These cultivators are sometimes using bio products in a piece meal manner. Thus, they can`t get proper result in organic methods. The purpose is not fulfilled.

The Cultivators are accustomed only with Chemical Fertilizers, Nutrients and Pesticides (herein after called as “Chemicals”) which give them instant result as well as their desired production for the cost of their soil. Each and every year the use of “Chemicals” has been increasing. The indiscriminate use of “chemicals” has the detrimental effect to the soil texture resulting in more and more use of the “chemicals” every year.

The competition of producing more crops has also occurred. Some cultivators use “Chemicals” at night time; so that the nearby cultivator can’t know why more production has been achieved. This is a dangerous trend. It should be stopped as immediately as possible. Only few cultivators of these areas have come to know the ill effect of indiscriminant use of “Chemicals”. The soil texture; the food value, the natural aroma and the test of the edible crops are also deteriorated.

We have observed this dangerous practice during marketing of our bio agriculture inputs. We tried to educate the cultivators when they come into contact with us. 

The Agriculture Officers are trying their level best to educate the “cultivators” as far as practicable. But still there is a huge gap to educate the cultivators. N.G.O.s should take part more than they are doing now.

One must admit that the bio agents for complete organic farming are still inadequate in all over the World, let alone in India to produce crops cost effectively. The market (consumer) is not yet aware of or prepared to pay due price of organic products. They don’t get the required organic products or commodities.The conventionally produced products are cheaper, so it attracts consumers.

The position of using micronutrients in organic farming is still deplorable. But it`s necessary to use inorganic micronutrients as well. To balance present trend of producing inorganically to get low cost crops, we should try to use reasonable quantity of N.P.K. till the complete bio inputs are discovered as a set to get desired cost effective production.

By using Biofertilizer, Organic manure, FYM or D.O.C., to supply N.P.K. organically and by Biological control of pest & insects and Biopesticides to control Pest & Insects- we have lot of biological control aids. The Fish Farming should also be done organically as far as practicable keeping the “chemical” residues away or within tolerance limit, otherwise the export will be difficult.

The ethnic people of Assam are doing only cereals in general; and that too only once in a year. Use of “chemicals” is almost nil (but except a part of Golaghat district`s ethnic people). The other crops (rabi crops included) are raised either by not using “chemicals” or only nominal “chemicals” used. The crops produced are only for own consumption. Thus, productivity is of less prominence to them. Only the surplus quantity is sold. In hills or foothills – zinger, turmeric etc. are cultivated almost organically. The heavy rainfall and the floods wash out the residues of “chemicals”. Thus the cultivation done by the ethnic people of above mentioned parts of land can be called “naturally organic, by default”.

The nature has given us all the required materials but we have still to wait to discover bio inputs to compete with inorganic “chemicals” to give us desired productivity. Thanks that Scientists have discovered some micro-organisms found in nature which to some extent can get control over the “chemicals” . The renewable energy – the nutrients present in Vermi compost, Organic fertilizer and Bio fertilizer etc. and to control Pest & Insects the Bio pesticide can replace the major parts of “Chemicals” gradually. The productivity will also increase gradually. This will give back the “eco-friendliness” of organic products; but it will be little more costlier than the common practice of cultivation.

To go for possible organic farming by all professional and non-professional cultivators, a good amount of pain should be taken by the Government Departments concerned, N.G.O.s and the Bio product manufacturers.

I do conclude here by presuming again that the organic farming should cover not only agriculture and horticulture sectors but also fish farming in unorganized sector as well as organized sectors like Tea Gardens and for producing other garden products.

~Writter: Shri D. K. Dutta,
Consultant Organic,
New Alipore, Kolkata-700 053;
Cells: 89107-67731; 98318-35532;
The writter of this article is also a Visiting Consultant of some Bio-Agriculture and Fishery Input Manufacturing Units, promoting bio-agri inputs for Assam, West Bengal, Bihar and Chhattisgarh.

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