“We have sought massive funds to strengthen KVK infrastructure in the country mainly to take up extensive study related to climate change and recruit additional manpower.”
~ Dr K.D. Kakote, Deputy Director-General of ICAR.
At present, there are 668 Nos. of KVKs throughout India and the Government has a plan to have a KVK in each newly created district and and additional one in some larger districts. Presently, in whole of NE India, there are 78 Nos. of functional KVKs, 41 Nos. spread over the states of Arunachal Pradesh (13 Nos.), Assam (25 Nos.), and Sikkim (3 Nos.). In the NEH Region there are 42 districts spread over five states of Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Mizoram and Tripura with total number of 37 sanctioned and functioning KVKs as on 1st April, 2017, under the ICAR-Agricultural Technology Application Research Institute (ATARI), erstwhile Zonal Project Directorate, Zone-VII located at the ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Umium (Barapani) in Meghalaya state. The KVK scheme is 100% financed by the Govt of India and the KVKs are sanctioned to Agricultural Universities, ICAR institutes, related Government Departments and Non Government Organisations (NGOs) working in Agriculture.
To organise on and off campus training programmes for practising farmers, rural women, youths, and field level extension functionaries in Agriculture and allied Departments to make them aware about the latest technologies in Agriculture and allied enterprises.
To organize short and long term vocational training courses on vegetable, floriculture, beekeeping, dairying, mushroom, organic farming and protective cultivation etc.for rural youth for self-employment.
To arrange front-line demonstrations and on-farm trials at farmer’s field on improved technologies and refinement of existing technology so as to suit the need of the farmer.
New definition of KVK activities as suggested by the HPC on Management of KVKs (ICAR, 2014) is as follows:
On-Farm testing (OFT) to assess the location specificity of agricultural technologies under various farming systems.
Out-scaling of farm innovations through Frontline Demonstration (FLD) to showcase the specific benefits /worth of technologies on farmers’ fields.
Capacity development of farmers and extension personnel to update their knowledge and skills in modern agricultural technologies and enterprises.
Work as Knowledge and Resource Centre for improving overall agricultural economy in the operational area.
Conduct frontline extension programmes and provide farm advisories using ICTs and other media on varied subjects of interest to farmers.
Data documentation, chararcterization and strategic planning of farming practices.
Contribution of KVKs :
The guidelines provide mechanism for close involvement of agricultural research system represented by ICAR Institutes, SAUs, and KVKs and State Agriculture and allied Departments by pooling funds, resources, programmes and manpower to enable the farmers to draw full benefits of technological advancements as per local needs. The Ministry of Agriculture issued guidelines for ATMA in 2014 and this also emphasized the need for better coordination and convergence between ATMA and KVKs.
It is promising that a KVK Portal has been developed for the convenience of digital accessibility by farmers and extension personnels; and monitoring of KVKs will be easier by the ICAR authorities. The link is https://kvk.icar.gov.in for your visit.
~~Mr Manik CS Bordoloi, Editor in Chief; Krishak Bandhu eMagazine
(1) Dr Mahesh Chander, Head, Division of Extension Education, ICAR-IVRI, Izatnagar, UP.;
(2) Dr Yogesh Suri, Adviser, NITI Aayog and Director General, National Institute of Labour Economics Research and Development,New Delhi;
(3) ICAR data from Internet for ATARIs and AAU informations regarding KVKs.